April 5, 2010: New Version released! Major improvements in structure, errors in previous version fixed!

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    Conjugations is a pretty simple idea (the implementation, not so simple). It's a a conjugation guide for every verb in Edict (plus a few extra from other sources for good measure). Simply enter any verb to search Conjugations, or select any verb in Edict (or almost any in Waeijiro or other dictionaries) and jump to Conjugations to see how to conjugate it. Want to find the causative form of "あそぶ"? No problem.

Conjugations full screen in EB Pocket
The new (April `10) version of Conjugations

    You can see some of the features of the new version of Conjugations here. First, the layout makes it much easier to read and understand than before. Second, there's more information. Tap the name of a tense and you'll automatically jump to a brief explanation of that tense (then just tap the back arrow icon to get back to this screen). I, F, +, and - are for Informal, Formal, Positive, and Negative--that's pretty easy to remember, but if you forget, just tap that code and you'll jump to an explanation.

How to Use Conjugations

    You can look up a verb or jump from a verb in Edict or another dictionary (here's how to jump in EB Pocket on Windows Mobile, as in the JLT Complete System). You can enter a word either in kanji and hiragana or all in hiragana (e.g., for the search shown above, you can enter 遊ぶ or あそぶ), and you can use all the normal input tools your OS and program allow (see here for the different ways to enter text in the JLT Complete System).  You can also enter the conjugated form of any very you see; let's say I see the word "あそばない" and I don't know what verb it is or what tense it is. When I search for it Conjugations, I get the result below:

First screen
Tap or click image to see full-resolution version

    Notice that the result for the term I searched for, あそぶない, is right at the top of the results screen--the heading showing the tense is somewhere above the screen, out of sight. This is due to how the dictionary program works, but it's no problem. Simply tap or click the open triangle icon icon to jump up a bit and display that heading, as you can see below.

Second screen
Tap or click image to see full-resolution version

    You can tap the solid triangle icon to jump up to the first line of the entire entry for the verb, as shown below.

Third screen
Tap or click image to see full-resolution version

    From here, you can tap the back arrow icon to go back to where you started. A few more hints about Conjugations and EBPocket: 


(tap or click download--downloaded file should be 50,466,654 bytes--if it's a different size, the file was corrupted in download and you should download again)

    Conjugations comes in EPWING format only. EPWING is the format used by EBWin on Windows, EB Pocket on Windows Mobile and the iPhone/iPad/iPod Touch, and various programs on Mac, Linux, Maemo (Nokia Internet Tablet), Android, and others; it's the format I recommend for anyone building a Japanese dictionary system because of the features it allows, especially the powerful different search types.

    For Palm users and others who prefer the old PDIC format, there is a simpler, far tinier version available in PDIC format--it just gives a chart for each verb type (not for each individual verb). To find the conjugation for a word in Edict, you'd highlight its verb code and jump from there; it doesn't allow you to enter the conjugated form and find the root and tense. You can download the PDIC format version here.


    Download the file from the link above, unzip it, and then copy the entire resulting folder to the EB Pocket Dics folder on your memory card (if you had the old version of Conjugations, you should delete the old Conjugations folder first). If you use a card reader to do the transfer, please remember to take the proper step before removing your card from the reader or the reader from your computer (Windows: right click on the removable drive letter representing the card in Computer or My Computer, wait a few seconds, then remove the card from the reader; Mac: drag the folder representing the card on your desktop into the trash, wait a few seconds, then remove the card from the reader). Then use the Edit Group function in EB Pocket to install the dictionary.

Errors in the Old Version

    The old version of Conjugations had numerous errors in the conjugations of the kuru verbs (type vk in Edict).  There are only about 20 of these, but the main one, 来る【くる】, is a pretty common and important verb.  There were also a few errors in the more obscure tenses of the mostly obscure zuru and jiru type verbs.  All told, the entries for fewer than 100 verbs, less than 1% of the roughly 10,000 in Conjugations, had errors.  But, of course, zero is even better.  If anyone should find any errors in the new version, please let me know, either by email if you have my address or through the comment box at the bottom of the inquiry form.

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